How do I know which variety to grow?
This depends on a few factors like your location, growth habit, desired yield and end product, flowering time, and disease and pest resistance. Where you are growing is very important because not all climates are the same, for instance, if you are growing in the southeast, the climate tends to be hot and humid during the summer, so choosing a variety that does well in hot and humid climates and offers improved pest and disease resistance would be ideal. Growth habits should be considered, especially if you are using machinery for harvest. Where the flowers form on the plant could be important for many growers. Yield is always important. Being able to grow a high-yielding variety can help raise your bottom dollar. We can help you find the ideal variety for you based on your needs.
How many plants should I grow per acre?
Determining the number of plants to grow per acre can help you predict your overall yield. As a grower, you should have a plan in place that determines the spacing between plants and rows, giving you an idea of how many plants you will need. Your planting density will depend on the variety that you choose and your expected planting date. If you need help choosing a variety (Refer to: How do I know which variety to grow?) or contact us and we would be happy to assist you. Each variety can have a different growth habit, which can affect how many plants you can grow per acre. We suggest 4-5 ft between plants if you are planting mid-May to early June and 3-4 ft between plants if you are planting mid-June to early July. Depending on your equipment size, you should have 4-6 ft between rows.
When should I plant?
When you decide to plant can vary. Many aim to plant between May and June to allow for time adequate vegetative growth before flower initiation. Make sure you do NOT plant before the last frost, as this will kill your plants. July is the latest we suggest to plant, as the later you plant, the less time you allow for the plants to grow a strong supporting structure for flower initiation, which can result in smaller plants and potentially less yield. When you are ready to place your order, we can help you determine the best start date for you depending on the variety.
When should I harvest?
Harvesting is all about timing. Harvesting too early can decrease your yield, but harvesting too late can lead to susceptibility to mold and mildew, the potential to “run hot,” and the potential to lose a crop to mother nature. There is a fine balance. Much of it depends on the variety that you are growing, as some varieties are early flowering and others are late flowering. It is important to talk to your supplier about a typical harvest time. A rule of thumb is to harvest between September and October. For more information about harvest time read When to Harvest your Hemp Crop
How and When should I order my plants?
The earlier the better. As the new season approaches, the availability of our new varieties becomes limited. Our premium varieties are moving quickly, as this is the first time they have been on the US market. We as well as our partners have been working around the clock to keep up with demand. To place an order for the up and coming season, give us a call at (980)-313-3587 or send us an email at [email protected]
What happens if my plants get pollinated?
We offer clones of our varieties, that are exact copies of female plants, so you will not have to worry about any males in the plants you purchase from us. However, if you have a grower nearby your operation and they aren’t using clones and have males, there could be a chance that pollen may find its way over to your crop. When female plants become pollinated, they begin the process of creating seed, which reduces flower size and the potential cannabinoid potency.
What is the difference between biomass and flower mass?
Biomass constitutes the majority of your plant. It includes the stem, leaves, and flower. Flower mass would be the mass of the flowers only, usually the top flowers, as they tend to have a higher potency ideal for smokeable flowers. These are both dried down to give you either dried biomass or dried floral mass. Biomass is generally used for oil extraction.
How many pounds of biomass per plant can I expect?
The pounds of biomass you can expect from each plant depends greatly on the variety you choose to grow. If you need a refresher on what biomass is, (Refer to: What is the difference between biomass and flower mass?) Some varieties average 1-2 pounds per plant, others like our premium varieties average between 2-3 pounds per plant. Mother nature tends to have a large effect on biomass yield as well. The more favorable the conditions in which you are growing, the more likely it is to get more biomass per plant.
What is CBG?
CBG is one of the 120 known cannabinoids found in hemp. It is considered the “Mother of all Cannabinoids” as many of the other cannabinoids are synthesized from CBG molecules. CBG has gotten a lot of traction lately, as it is linked to being a stimulant instead of a depressant and is highly valuable, CBG dominant plants are also known to have low THC values, helping growers stay compliant with regulations. We offer a premium CBG variety, Pure CBG, that can reach over 14% CBG in an extended flowering period and favorable conditions.
Do you offer CBG Genetics?
Yes, US Nursery has a premium variety, Pure CBG, that has been bred to contain high amounts of CBG and low levels of THC. Pure CBG typically produces 6-8% CBG in outdoor growing conditions, but can reach over 14% in an extended flowering period and favorable conditions. Pure CBG is a great alternative to CBD genetics, as low THC levels help you remain compliant with regulations.
What’s the difference between THCA and Delta-9 THC?
THCA, which is non-psychoactive, is the most abundant form of THC in the hemp plant. When hemp is “decarboxylated” by heating it to a high temperature, THCA becomes THC, which is psychoactive. Delta-9-THC is already psychoactive and is naturally present in much lower concentrations than THCA in a hemp plant. Until recently, some states only tested for Delta-9 THC. As Delta-9 THC naturally occurs in lower concentrations, many varieties, while over 0.3% in Total THC, were below 0.3% in Delta-9 THC, allowing some varieties to produce higher concentrations of CBD. However, with the new temporary regulations, all varieties must test below 0.3% Total THC.
How do I stay compliant and keep my plants from going “hot?”
To go “hot” means that your plants that are tested before harvest produced over the mandated 0.3% THC level. Naturally, cannabinoid content develops as the plants begin to flower, usually starting in August or September depending on the variety. Cannabinoid potency increases as the flowering period lengthen. It is important for you to work with a local lab to monitor your crop. Unfavorable growing conditions or mismanaged plants can lead to stress within the plant. Stressed plants can have enhanced cannabinoid content (including THC), so it is important to practice good crop management and to be proactive instead of reactive.
Another option to help stay compliant is to grow a CBG variety. CBG varieties, like our premium variety, Pure CBG, have a low THC potency.
What CBD percentage can I expect from my hemp plants?
Our premium CBD dominant varieties will, on average, produce between 8-10 percent CBD. With the new regulations for the 2020 season, The likelihood of finding a variety that produces more than 10% CBD while staying compliant will be difficult and we urge you to use caution when looking at COAs that offer varieties that claim to produce CBD potencies greater than 10%. CBD content can vary with climate and flower period. The best thing to do is to closely monitor your crop so that you can maximize CBD production while staying compliant.
What is a COA?
COA stands for “Certificate of Analysis.” COAs show the potential potency of hemp plants, including Total CBD, Total THC, Total Cannabinoids, and a list of potentially present cannabinoids. These documents are necessary for understanding more about the genetics you are working with and should be supplied by your supplier, but can also be obtained by sending samples of your crop to a third-party accredited laboratory that specializes in hemp testing.